Second trimester | Pregnancy Birth and Baby


during the second trimester

An average pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks. Three trimesters are formed from the weeks. The second trimester of a pregnancy lasts from weeks 13 to 27.

The baby gets bigger and stronger during the second trimester, and many women start to reveal a bigger tummy. Although the second trimester is typically more easier for women than the first, it’s still crucial to be aware of your pregnancy during this time. In this article we will discuss all things that happens during the second trimester. Making educated decisions and getting ready for the major changes that lie ahead will be easier if you understand your pregnancy week by week.

Changes in Your Body

Achiness in your lower abdomen

You can experience some cramping or discomfort in your lower abdominal during the second trimester. The expansion of your uterus during pregnancy puts strain on adjacent muscles and ligaments, which causes cramps. Your round ligament muscle frequently cramps as it stretches throughout your second trimester. In addition to a persistent soreness in your lower abdomen, you could also experience sudden acute pains. Minor cramps are common and might be brought on by intercourse, gas, or even constipation. Try taking a warm bath, doing relaxation techniques, moving about, or applying a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel to your lower belly to ease the pain.


Your back is beginning to feel achy and sore due to the additional weight you’ve added over the past several months. Use a chair with good back support and sit up straight to relieve the pressure. With a pillow between your legs, lie on your side. Do not lift or carry anything that is heavy. Put on comfortable, low-heeled shoes with strong arch support. If the discomfort is severe, ask your partner to massage the painful areas or treat yourself to a prenatal massage.

Bleeding gums

The majority of pregnant women experience swollen, sensitive gums. Your gums are becoming more sensitive and bleeding more frequently as a result of hormonal changes that are causing more blood to be sent to them. After the birth of your child, your gums ought to return to normal. Use a softer toothbrush in the interim, and be careful when flossing, but don’t compromise on oral hygiene. According to studies, pregnant women with gum disease (also known as periodontal disease) may be more likely to experience an early labour and give birth to a baby that is underweight.

Expansion of the breasts.

Although most of the breast soreness you felt in the first trimester should have subsided, your breasts are still expanding in preparation for feeding your baby. You may feel more at ease by wearing a decent support bra and going up one or more bra sizes.


During the second trimester, as your uterus grows, it presses against blood arteries, which occasionally makes you feel lightheaded. Low blood sugar levels and pregnancy-related hormone changes are additional factors. Don’t stand still for too long. Sit up slowly or get out of bed. Frequently consume meals and snacks. Remain hydrated. Throughout the remainder of your pregnancy, avoid taking hot baths or showers and wear loose clothing. If you have dizziness or fainting, as well as vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain, call your doctor right once.

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